This article is written by Jessica Smith.
Phobias are anxiety disorders that instill fear or panic in your mind. A phobia causes excessive, irrational fear in an individual about an object, a creature, an event or a feeling. A person with a phobia gets panic attacks when faced with their source of fear. They shape their lives to avoid facing the things which they consider dangerous. The Anxiety and Depression Association of America states that phobia affects almost 18.1% of the US population every year.
There are three types of phobias:
- Specific Phobia: This affects nearly 8.7% of the US population. Women are more susceptible to have a specific phobia. There are further categories of Specific phobia, namely: fear of natural environment, situational phobia, blood-injection-injury phobia, and animal phobia. There are more than 350 types of phobia in these four categories, like the fear of snakes, dogs, flying, driving, heights, darkness, storm, needles and blood.
- Social Phobia:It is a form of social anxiety where people have a fear of public embarrassment and humiliation that can disrupt a healthy life. Men are more likely to have social phobia than women. Another common social phobia is the fear of public speaking. The other concerns related to social phobia are of talking to strangers, being judged by others, and drinking at public places.
- Agoraphobia:This is the most disabling of all phobias. It is the fear of being trapped in a place where immediate escape is not possible. People with agoraphobia avoid crowded places because of the fear that they might get panic attacks if they can’t escape. They prefer staying at home to avoid a social situation. People with chronic health issues have a fear of need for a medical emergency in public places or trapped rooms.